NÂNG BAND CÙNG ARTICLE: THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE OF PARENTHOOD

NÂNG BAND CÙNG ARTICLE: THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE OF PARENTHOOD
Minh Huyền
Minh Huyền

167

  • Youth and childhood
  • Speaking Part 1
  • Speaking Part 3
  • Family and relationships
  • Vocabulary
  • Reading Skill

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Article:

In recent years, there has been a significant transformation in the age at which individuals embark on the journey of parenthood. Decades ago, it was common for women, especially in the U.S., to become mothers in their early twenties. However, new data from 2022 reveals a dramatic shift, with the average age for first-time mothers now surpassing 27 years. This essay explores the various factors contributing to this change and draws parallels with similar trends observed in Vietnam.

The trend of delayed parenthood is not a sudden occurrence but a gradual shift influenced by several societal changes. Initially spurred by the introduction of the birth control pill in the 1960s, women gained unprecedented control over their reproductive choices. This empowerment has allowed women to pursue higher education, establish careers, and achieve financial stability before considering motherhood.

In Vietnam, a similar pattern is observed, albeit with distinct cultural nuances. The economic reforms and increasing educational opportunities have encouraged both men and women to delay starting a family. This delay is often due to economic considerations, the high cost of living, and the desire to secure a stable environment for future children.

Furthermore, societal attitudes towards parenting and marriage have evolved. The stigma associated with remaining child-free has diminished, and more individuals are opting to prioritize personal growth and achievements over traditional family roles. This is coupled with the advancements in reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), which have extended the possible reproductive years but also come with high costs and varying success rates.

Despite these opportunities, challenges remain. The costs associated with child-rearing, including childcare and education, are prohibitively high. Additionally, the biological limitations of fertility that decrease with age pose a significant hurdle. These factors contribute to a growing disparity between those who can afford to navigate these challenges and those who cannot, reflecting broader societal inequalities.

The shift towards older parenthood represents both progress and new challenges within society. While individuals now have more freedom to choose when and how they start a family, this freedom comes with complexities that reflect broader economic and social issues. In both the U.S. and Vietnam, this trend highlights the need for supportive policies that can help bridge the gap between desire and reality in family planning. The hope is that with continued advancements and policy support, more individuals will be able to realize their parenting aspirations without undue hardship.

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Dưới đây là phần câu hỏi Speaking thường gặp và cách trả lời dựa trên article:

1. How has the age at which individuals decide to become parents changed in recent years in your country? 

Sample Answer: Over the years, there has been a noticeable shift in the age at which people decide to become parents in my country. Historically, people used to start their families at a young age, but now, it's becoming more common for individuals to delay parenthood.

2. What societal factors have contributed to the trend of delayed parenthood?

Sample Answer: Several societal changes have influenced the trend of delayed parenthood. Factors such as greater access to education and career opportunities, changing attitudes towards traditional family roles, economic considerations, and advancements in reproductive technologies have all played a significant role.

3. What cultural differences contribute to the changing trend of parenthood in your country?

Sample Answer: In my country, cultural nuances, economic reforms, and societal attitudes towards family and personal growth have contributed to the changing trend of parenthood. There is a growing trend of prioritizing personal goals and financial stability before starting a family.

4. What challenges do individuals face when choosing to delay parenthood?

Sample Answer: Delaying parenthood presents various challenges, including the high costs associated with raising children, decreasing fertility with age, and the disparity between those who can afford to navigate these issues and those who cannot.

5. How have advancements in reproductive technologies impacted the trend of delayed parenthood?

Sample Answer: Advancements in reproductive technologies, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), have extended the reproductive years for individuals. However, these technologies come with high costs and varying success rates, presenting both opportunities and challenges for those considering delayed parenthood.

6. What policies or support measures could help individuals navigate the complexities of delayed parenthood?

Sample Answer: Supportive policies, such as affordable childcare, education, and reproductive healthcare, could help bridge the gap between desire and reality in family planning. Continued advancements and policy support are essential to realizing the parenting aspirations of individuals without undue hardship.