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  • Kỹ năng Writing IELTS Task 2
  • Luyện Speaking IELTS Part 3
  • Luyện IELTS Reading
  • Di cư và nhập cư

Nhập cư là một chủ đề nóng trên thế giới. Những người nhập cư thường gặp những khó khăn gì và vai trò của những cộng đồng hỗ trợ dân nhập cư sẽ được khám phá trong bài viết sau. Bạn hãy dành thời gian đọc kỹ bài luận bên dưới, trong lúc đọc lắng nghe audio để có thể tập làm quen với phát âm của các từ vựng trong bài nhé. 

Bên dưới, mình cũng đã nêu ra một số câu hỏi và câu trả lời mẫu cho chủ đề này. Các bạn có thể tập luyện theo để ứng dụng các từ vựng đã học nhằm cải thiện kỹ năng Writing và Speaking nhé! 

Article: The Vital Role of Immigrant Communities

Immigrant communities (Cộng đồng dân nhập cư) play a crucial role in helping newcomers (người mới đến) adjust to life (thích nghi với cuộc sống) in a new country. These communities offer various forms of support, from practical assistance (hỗ trợ thực tế) to emotional solidarity (hỗ trợ về mặt cảm xúc), aiding immigrants and their families in navigating their new surroundings. This essay will explore how these communities function, particularly in providing social support, job opportunities, and fostering business development, with references to the experiences of Vietnamese immigrants.

Immigrant communities serve as essential support networks for newcomers, offering both informal and formal aid. Informally, friends and relatives within the community assist with tasks such as completing legal documents (thủ tục pháp lý) and providing financial support (hỗ trợ tài chính). Formally, community organizations offer a range of services, from language classes to job-finding assistance, helping immigrants settle (ổn định cuộc sống) and integrate into (hòa nhập) their new environment.

For example, in Vietnam, these communities are pivotal (có vai trò then chốt) in assisting immigrants to find their footing in unfamiliar territories (vùng lãnh thổ không quen thuộc). They facilitate (tạo điều kiện thuận lợi cho) the formation of social networks (hình thành mạng lưới xã hội), providing a sense of belonging (cảm giác thuộc về) and security. Through these networks, immigrants gain access to (tiếp cận với) vital information and resources, easing the transition process (làm quá trình chuyển dịch trở nên dễ dàng) and reducing the stress associated with adapting to a new culture and societal norms (quy phạm xã hội).

Children of immigrants also benefit significantly from the active and vibrant immigrant communities (cộng đồng nhập cư sôi nổi). These communities support children’s education and help them understand and meet the expectations (đáp ứng kỳ vọng) of their new country's educational system. In the case of Vietnamese refugees (những người Việt tị nạn)in Louisiana, community organizations were instrumental (thiết yếu) in helping immigrant children adapt to (thích nghi với) the American education system, underlining (nhấn mạnh) the importance of such support in ensuring the success of immigrant families.

Furthermore, immigrant communities contribute to economic growth by fostering immigrant entrepreneurship and business development (khuyến khích phát triển kinh doanh và khởi nghiệp cho người nhập cư). They provide a network that facilitates (tạo điều kiện thuận lợi) information exchange (trao đổi thông tin), offering new business ideas and connecting potential investors (kết nối những nhà đầu tư tiềm năng) with entrepreneurs. This networking is crucial for the development of ethnic economies (sự phát triển của kinh tế thiểu số) as seen in the diverse business sectors within immigrant communities like Chinatown, where the growth in business diversity corresponds with the increase in population.

Immigrant communities are indispensable (không thể tách rời) in aiding immigrants to assimilate (hòa nhập) and thrive(phát triển thịnh vượng) in their new environments. They provide essential social, educational, and economic support, facilitating easier integration (sự hội nhập) and contributing to the socio-economic development (sự phát triển kinh tế xã hội) of the host country. The example of Vietnamese immigrants in Louisiana illustrates the significant impact these communities can have, offering a blueprint for how immigrant communities can serve as a cornerstone (đóng vai trò như một bước đệm) for successful integration and development. Thus, recognizing and bolstering the role of immigrant communities is vital for fostering inclusive societies that benefit from the rich diversity and potential of their immigrant populations.

Đề Writing về chủ đề Immigrant:

Immigration has a major impact on the society. What are the main reasons of immigration? To what consequences can it lead?

Gợi ý:

Key arguments for:

1. Economic opportunity: Many

people immigrate to seek better job prospects and economic stability in a new


2. Safety and security: Some

individuals and families immigrate to escape political persecution, war, or

violence in their home countries.

Key arguments against:

1. Job competition: Immigration

can lead to increased competition for jobs, which may negatively impact the job

market for native citizens.

2. Strain on resources:

Large-scale immigration can strain a country's resources such as healthcare,

education, and housing, leading to potential challenges in providing for a

growing population.

Key points for the essay:

- Immigration is driven by the

pursuit of economic opportunities and safety from persecution or violence.

- However, it can also lead to

increased job competition and strain on a country's resources.

Một số câu hỏi Speaking Part 3 về chủ đề Immigrant:

1.     How do you think immigrants contribute to the cultural diversity of a country?

Sample Answer: Immigrants bring with them their unique traditions, languages, and customs, enriching the cultural tapestry of their new home. For instance, in the United States, immigrants have introduced various cuisines, music genres, and festivals that have become integral parts of American culture.

2.     What challenges do immigrants often face when integrating into a new society?

Sample Answer: Language barriers can be a significant challenge for immigrants, as they may struggle to communicate effectively and access essential services. Additionally, cultural differences and discrimination can hinder their integration process. Lack of familiarity with local customs and bureaucratic hurdles in obtaining necessary documentation can also pose obstacles.

3.     In what ways can governments support immigrants in their transition to a new country?

Sample Answer: Governments can provide language classes and cultural orientation programs to help immigrants adapt to their new environment. Offering employment assistance, such as job training and placement services, can also facilitate their integration into the workforce. Moreover, creating policies that promote diversity and combat discrimination can foster a more inclusive society for immigrants.

4.     Do you think immigrants should be encouraged to preserve their cultural heritage, or should they assimilate

completely into their new society?

Sample Answer: It's important to strike a balance between preserving one's cultural heritage and integrating into the broader society. Immigrants should be encouraged to maintain their cultural identity while also embracing the values and norms of their new home. This can lead to a more vibrant and inclusive society where diverse perspectives are valued.

5.     What are the economic impacts of immigration on both the immigrant's home country and the host country?

Sample Answer: Immigration can have positive economic effects on both the home country and the host country. In the host country, immigrants often fill labor shortages, contribute to economic growth, and enhance innovation through their diverse skill sets. Meanwhile, remittances sent by immigrants to their home countries can boost the economies of those nations, providing financial support to families and communities.